Amerikanischer Kundenzufriedenheitsindex (ASCI)
Reexamining the market share-customer satisfaction relationship. Despite suffering multiple cuts by her right eye, including one from a clash of heads during the 10th and final round, Kentikian was able to finish the fight and earn a unanimous decision victory. Patrol boat flotillas were strictly administrative and operated from shore offices, most often commanded by an officer ranked as either Kapitänleutnant or Korvettenkapitän. Accessed 26 June
The fact that for 50 years most African citizens have had no way of knowing what goes on at the AU and in their name still has the power to make me angry. By the time I covered my last AU summit four years ago, what you might call a sensible tendency had started to emerge - a grouping, led by Mauritius but including Liberia and, rather discreetly, South Africa, which had coalesced around opposition to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, but also in general wanted to see less grandstanding, less obfuscation and a more straightforward, open way of doing things.
Now, Gaddafi, Libya's former leader, is no more, a South African is chairing the AU commission and in Addis Ababa, a new generation has taken over the country's leadership. It would be good to think that Ethiopia and AU together can shed their obsessive secrecy and be more relaxed and open with their citizens in the future. To many Africans, the greatest achievement of the organisation in 50 years has been its ability to stay together at all. If anyone thinks that mine is a harsh verdict, let him be reminded that Africans still need visas - often expensive and time-wasting - to visit each other's countries.
Contrast that with the fact that the European Union, which came into existence in its present form 30 years after the formation of the OAU - now allows citizens from its 27 member countries to reside and work in each other's countries. Free trade, which was prevalent throughout Africa before the European powers imposed borders on Africa during colonisation, is now restricted to regions that have signed specific protocols to allow free entry to each other's goods and services - groups such as the Economic Community of West African States Ecowas and the Southern African Customs Union Sacu.
A plan with lofty objectives - the New Economic Programme for Africa's Development Nepad - has been drawn up to try and improve trade relations and economic co-operation on the continent. But if the past is anything to go by, its implementation could take many decades.
The only hope for the continent's revival through strengthened political and economic links is the fascination with which the youth of the continent view such events as the Africa Cup of Nations football competition. The youth will ask impatiently: The arrival in force of the smart phone in Africa will make such questions ever harder to answer. So, it is the upwardly mobile middle class - whether apolitical or not - that will generate the socio-economic pressures that will bring a truly organic version of African unity about.
The OAU Charter was essentially functional and reflected a compromise. Our members profit from reliable contacts and a high variety of benefits. The Consulting Services department supports small- and mid-sized German businesses with their market entry and expansion.
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Membership benefits include lectures, seminars and networking receptions hosted by leaders of industry and government. Our recruitment service helps your company find exceptional and bilingual employees. Companies requesting our services are either subsidiaries of German corporations or U. Celebrate the New Year with us!
Urban public transport is most appealing to city residents when it is planned and operated as a seamless, integrated system. Let's welcome in the New Year! Let's connect, expand our network and exchange ideas! Everybody interested in networking with the German American business community is welcome to Join us for this opportunity to strengthen ties between German-American industry and education in the region! During the Second World War, the Kriegsmarine authorized the formation of ten flotillas for the "auxiliary destroyers", or German torpedo boats.
The torpedo boat flotillas were formed from preexisting commands of the Reichsmarine , known as Torpedobootsflottille , several of which had been founded during or before World War I. Of the ten authorized World War II torpedo boat flotillas, nine were commissioned 8. Torpedobootsflottille was authorized but never formed. Escort flotillas were the smallest number of surface units to be created, due in part to the Kriegsmarine limited use of the destroyer escort type vessel.
The Kriegsmarine would only construct ten F-class escort ships which were originally grouped into two escort flotillas 1. Geleitflottille formed in and respectively. In September , the Kriegsmarine authorized two additional escort flotillas and formed the Geleitflottille to which were assigned fifteen "auxiliary patrol ships", with hull numbers G through G In the summer of , the Kriegsmarine further formed the Geleitflottille to which were assigned thirteen auxiliary escort ships mostly converted civilian craft with hull designations "D", "FZ", and "MR".
In March , the Kriegsmarine overhauled the escort flotillas and ordered the formation of five new flotillas 1 through 5 Geleitflottille utilizing foreign boats of the Torpedoboot Ausland program, "G class" auxiliary patrol ships, as well as auxiliary cutter ships designated by hull number "SG".
The original F class escort ships were interspersed into the new flotillas, with the bulk of these ships assigned to the 5. Minesweeper flotillas were organized into over forty flotillas for the regular minesweepers, as well as thirty five auxiliary minesweeper units.
A third category of flotilla existed for the Sperrbrecher "mine barrage" craft. The first minesweeper flotilla of the Kriegsmarine was formed in from pre-existing units of the Reichsmarine which had maintained two minesweeper and one auxiliary minesweeper flotilla during the inter-war years.
The first auxiliary minesweeper flotilla was formed shortly afterwards in October Minesweeper flotillas were considered administrative units, operating from shore offices, and did not maintain a standard flagship as was the case with the destroyer flotillas. The standard rank for a minesweeper flotillas commander was that of Korvettenkapitän.
The Kriegsmarine authorized twenty five Schnellboot flotillas for formation during the Second World War, of which fourteen were eventually established. The German Navy also maintained an attack boat training division Schnellboots-Lehr-Division consisting of four training flotillas. In November , the 3rd, 7th, 21st, 22nd, and 24th S-boat flotillas were consolidated into the 1st S-Boat Division 1.
The standard S-boat flotilla consisted of six attack boats, although some flotillas operated in excess of twelve. Flotillas were commanded by officers ranked as Kapitänleutnant while S-boat divisions were commanded by those ranked Fregattenkapitän. Vorpostenboote were auxiliary naval vessels, often converted civilian craft for use as harbor patrol and sentry vessels.
These patrol boats were organized into thirty five primary flotillas covering the various German naval ports. An additional two "security flotillas" the 7th and 13th Sicherungsflotille were formed in early for general port security duties. Patrol boat flotillas were strictly administrative and operated from shore offices, most often commanded by an officer ranked as either Kapitänleutnant or Korvettenkapitän.
Submarine chasers were designated as "UJ" class vessels U-Bootjäger and were augmented by "service war craft" KT class vessels which were usually smaller converted ships utilized as ASW trawlers. Beginning in , German minelayers Minenschiffe were also administratively attached to the submarine chaser flotillas. The standard rank for a submarine chayser flotilla commander was Korvettenkapitän.
In , a "13th UJ Group" UJ-Gruppe had also been formed from vessels of the smaller flotilla units. Known as Netzsperrflottille , these units were composed of small craft designed to mount submarine netting within German harbors.
Submarine net flotillas were typically commanded by an officer ranked as Korvettenkapitän.