What does "nächsten" mean in German?
In , on the world's largest scaffolding assembly, it audaciously erected a trompe-l'oeil mockup of two frontages of the Stadtschloss facade on a 1:
On 18 March, a large demonstration outside the Stadtschloss led to bloodshed and the outbreak of street fighting. Frederick William later reneged on his promises and reimposed an autocratic regime.
From that time onwards, many Berliners and other Germans came to see the Stadtschloss as a symbol of oppression and "Prussian militarism". The Empire was, however, at least in theory a constitutional state, and from the new Reichstag building, the seat of the German parliament, came to rival and overshadow the Stadtschloss as the centre of power.
In November , the Spartacist leader, Karl Liebknecht , declared the German Socialist Republic from a balcony of the Stadtschloss, ending more than years of royal occupation of the building. During the Weimar Republic , parts of the Stadtschloss were turned into a museum, while other parts continued to be used for receptions and other state functions. Under Adolf Hitler 's National Socialist Nazi Party , which laid to rest monarchist hopes of a Hohenzollern restoration, the building was mostly ignored.
On the latter occasion, when the air defence and fire-fighting systems of Berlin had been destroyed, the building was struck by incendiaries, lost its roof and was largely burnt out. The end of the war saw the Stadtschloss a burned-out shell of its former glory, although the building had remained structurally sound and much of its interior decoration was still preserved.
It could have been restored, as many other bombed-out buildings in central Berlin later were. However, the area in which it was located was within the Soviet Union zone, which became the German Democratic Republic. The building was used for a Soviet war movie "the Battle of Berlin" in which the Stadtschloss served as a backdrop, with live artillery shells fired at it for the realistic cinematic impact.
The new socialist government declared the Stadtschloss a symbol of Prussian militarism, although at that time there appeared to be no plans to destroy the building. Some parts of it were in fact repaired and used from to as an exhibition space. A secret GDR Ministry of Construction report, only rediscovered in , calculated that reconstruction of the damaged Palace could be achieved for 32 million GDR marks.
Despite objections, its removal commenced in September , the process taking four months and consuming 19 tons of dynamite. It was later added to the Council of State building Staatsratsgebäude , with an altered cartouche, where it forms the main entrance.
The empty space where the Stadtschloss had stood was named Marx-Engels-Platz and used as a parade ground. In , the GDR built a new Staatsrat or Council of State building on part of the site, incorporating Liebknecht's balcony in its facade. From to , during the government of Erich Honecker , a large modernist building was built, the Palast der Republik Palace of the Republic , which occupied most of the site of the former Stadtschloss.
Shortly before German reunification in October , the Palast der Republik was found to be contaminated with asbestos and was closed to the public. After reunification, the Berlin city government ordered the removal of the asbestos, a process which was completed by In November , the German federal government decided to demolish the building and leave the area as parkland pending a decision as to its ultimate future.
Demolition started in February and was completed in East Germans resented the demolition, especially those for whom the Palace of the Republic had been a place of fond memories, or who felt a sense a dislocation in a post-communist world. From until the commencement of construction in , the large area of original Schlossplatz became a grassed field, laid out on minimal lines with wooden platforms.
At the same time, the Berlin Monument Authority Landesdenkmalamt undertook extensive archaeological excavations. Parts of cellars that had been situated in the south-west corner of former Palace were discovered; at it was decided these would be preserved and made accessible to visitors as an "archaeological window".
Following reunification a year-long debate commenced as to whether the palace should be reconstructed, and whether this should be in part or whole. Pro-reconstruction lobby groups argued that the rebuilding of the Stadtschloss would restore the unity and integrity of the historical centre of Berlin, which includes the Berliner Dom , the Lustgarten and the museums of Museum Island. Opponents of the project included those who advocated the retention of the Palast der Republik on the grounds that it was itself of historical significance; those who argued that the area should become a public park; and those who believed that a new building would be a pastiche of former architectural styles; would be an unwelcome symbol of Germany's imperial past; and would be unacceptably expensive for no definite economic benefit.
They also argued that it would be impossible to accurately reconstruct the exterior or interiors of the building, since neither detailed plans nor the necessary craft skills are available. Others disputed this, claiming that sufficient photographic documentation of both existed when it was converted to a museum following The ideological divide was symbolised by two groups.
The Association for the Preservation of the Palace of the Republic Verein zur Erhaltung des Palastes der Republik championed a renovation of the GDR building that would incorporate a re-creation of the principal western facade the City Place, for a multipurpose people's centre similar to the Centre Pompidou in Paris. It also drew attention to the Venice Charter observation that "historic edifices have a material age and an immaterial significance" — an importance that transcends time, and justifies their reconstruction to preserve a vital part of urban identity and historical memory, provided that sufficient documentation for a truly authentic copy exists.
The driving force in ultimately achieving reconstruction of the Stadtschloss were businessman and aristocrat Wilhelm von Boddien. Until von Boddien and his associates became involved, the Government had given no thought to rebuilding the entire palace. The Association accumulated plans that had been believed lost, and funded a research project at the Technical University of Berlin to measure surviving photos and drawings of the Palace to create precise architectural plans.
In , on the world's largest scaffolding assembly, it audaciously erected a trompe-l'oeil mockup of two frontages of the Stadtschloss facade on a 1: In view of the previous opposition, including high cost, and most importantly, the psychological and political objections, successive German governments had declined to commit themselves to the project.
However, by and cross-party resolutions of the Bundestag reached a compromise to support at least a partial rebuilding of the Stadtschloss.
In , the Bundestag German parliament made a definitive decision about the reconstruction. An architectural competition was held, and in the jury chose the submission by Italian architect Franco Stella. The reconstruction also reproduces the original metre-thick width of the outer walls. However these have been rebuilt as a sandwiched construction: Reconstruction of the Renaissance-gabled Pharmacy Wing, which connected to the Stadtschloss on the north side, would be another possible future project.
Due to German government budget cuts, construction of the "Humboldtforum", as the new palace was titled, was delayed. In a congratulatory letter to Wilhelm von Boddien on his 75th birthday, the chairman of the board of the board of the Foundation Humboldt Forum wrote: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Stadtschloss, Berlin. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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